Timber framed buildings


Timber framed buildings


Timber framed buildings

Timber framed buildings were once the norm in the UK.  However, after the Great Fire of London, masonry buildings became the new norm.  More recently, timber framed construction has been on the increase.

The main advantages with timber framed buildings are that they are lightweight structures which can also be built quickly.  This can be useful on sites with poor ground.  They can also be well insulated and this can help to reduce future heating costs. They heat up and cool down more quickly than masonry buildings and this can be an advantage.

Timber framed buildings are good at resisting wind loads and hence they are often a good choice in exposed locations.  However, they have poorer noise insulation properties, which maybe important to you.  They may also be less resistant to fire.

They are very popular with self builders.

Types of timber framed building

There are two main types of timber frames.  Panelled structures and framed structures.  Panel structures use lined timber panels for the walls.  The timber framing may have a brickwork outer skin.  This is used to make the building appear to be brick built. However, the brickwork is cladding rather than structure.  Garden rooms and orangeries are framed structures.  These buildings are also contructed from timber, but with a framed rather than panelled structure.  Often thay have glazed infilling panels.  These structures are often made from Oak, or a good quality softwood.

The design process for framed and panelled structures is different.  Panel structures rely of the racking resistance of the panels themselves for their lateral stability.  Framed structures rely on the member forces to provide stability and these normally need bracing.  In either case, they need to be properly designed.

Our design of timber framed buildings is for the wall structure only and it doesn’t include the design of the roof or floors.  If you are using trussed rafters, then the manufacturers will provide the necessary structural calculations fo this.  However, if you would like a traditional cut roof designing then the calculations fot these can be found on the link below:


We need the following information to design a timber framed building:

architectural layouts or sketch drawings with dimensions

elevations of the building

details of the type of roof covering

preferred wall construction

the approximate location of the building

Design information

All design work is carried out in accordance with BS5268

The calculations provided will be suitable for Building Regulation approval.